Zonulin

FLUIDS iQ®’s Zonulin test for intestinal permeability (“Leaky Gut”) is a cornerstone of our series of easy to use Intestinal iQ™ wellness tests. “Leaky Gut” is a condition that occurs when the gut lining becomes abnormally permeable, allowing bacteria, food and other large molecules to pass through. A major controller of this gateway is Zonulin, a protein found in intestinal cells. Zonulin testing is a very useful first line screening test in beginning to paint a portrait of an individual’s gut status.

 

On this page we’re pleased to offer you information about the remarkable biomarker, Zonulin, including the FLUIDS iQ® webinar “Zonulin and Intestinal Permeability: Is there a connection” as well as scientific literature on Zonulin.

 

"Zonulin and Intestinal Permeability: Is there a connection?"

The FLUIDS iQ® webinar with President and CEO, Dr. Aron Gonshor 

 

 

 

 

What is Zonulin?

 

Zonulin (pre-Haptoglobin 2) is a protein that modulates the permeability of tight junctions between cells of the digestive tract wall. Zonulin proteins are found within intestinal cells, with production and release, mimicking the effect of certain bacterial toxins. Once triggered, zonulin plays an important role in the creation of bowel “leakiness.” By a quirk of nature, the wheat glycoprotein, gliadin, mimics the effects of foreign bacteria and it also activates zonulin signaling, irrespective of the genetic expression of autoimmunity, leading to increased intestinal permeability to macromolecules. But unlike the effect caused by bacteria, the zonulin effect from gliadin generates a two-way response. Not only can water exit, but intestinal contents are able to gain entry in the opposite direction, into the bloodstream.


Zonulin is the only physiological modulator of intercellular tight junctions, described so far, that is involved in the movement of macromolecules and, therefore, in tolerance and immune response balance. It has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Celiac Disease and Diabetes Mellitus type 1.

The gliadin-zonulin leak effect occurs not just in people with celiac disease or gluten-sensitivity; it occurs in everybody. The effect is longer and more pronounced (5-fold greater) in the intestinal cells of people with celiac disease, but the effect of increased two-way leakiness affects everyone.

 

"Zonulin, Intestinal Permeability & Nutritional Assessment" -The FLUIDS iQ® webinar 

 

 

A powerpoint presentation by Dr. Aron Gonshor

 

The Clinical Importance of Zonulin

 

Sample FLUIDS iQ® Zonulin test report (optimized for Internet Explorer, Firefox and Safari)

 

View a slideshow of the FLUIDS iQ® Zonulin report

 

 

Zonulin and recent scientific literature pertaining to intestinal permeability:

 

• "Zonulin Regulates Intestinal Permeability and Facilitates Enteric Bacteria Permeation in Coronary Artery Disease"

  

•"Intestinal Permeability and its Regulation by Zonulin Diagnostic and Therapeutic Implications"

 

"Gut Microbiota, Microinflammation, Metabolic Profile, and Zonulin Concentration in Obese and Normal Weight Subjects"

 

"Changes in intestinal tight junction permeability associated with industrial food additives explain the rising incidence of autoimmune disease"

 

• "Systemic autoimmune disorders in celiac disease"

 

• "Diagnosis and Treatment of Celiac Disease"

 

• "Mechanisms of Disease: the role of intestinal barrier function in the pathogenesis of

gastrointestinal autoimmune diseases"

 

• "Zonulin and Its Regulation of Intestinal Barrier Function: The Biological Door to Inflammation, Autoimmunity, and Cancer"

 

• "Increased Intestinal Permeability Correlates with Sigmoid Mucosa alpha-Synuclein Staining and Endotoxin Exposure Markers in Early Parkinson’s Disease"

 

• "The role of Haptoglobin and its related protein, Zonulin, in inflammatory bowel disease"

 

• "Tight Junctions, Intestinal Permeability, and Autoimmunity Celiac Disease and Type 1 Diabetes Paradigms"

 

• "Circulating endotoxin and systemic immune activation in sporadic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (sALS)"

 

"Zonulin upregulation associated with increased gut permeability in subjects with Type 1 Diabetes and their relatives"

 

"Circulating Zonulin...is increased in association with obesity-associated insulin resistance"

 

"Inulin-enriched pasta improves intestinal permeability and modifies the circulating levels of Zonulin and glucagon-like peptide 2 in healthy young volunteers" 

 

• "New markers of insulin resistance in polycystic ovary syndrome"

 

"Serum zonulin is elevated in women with polycystic ovary syndrome and correlates with insulin resistance and severity of anovulation"